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Canon APS-C vs Nikon APS-C

Starting with an analog film camera capturing photos with standard 35mm film rolls, the technology used in a camera these days is way more complicated than it used to be. Analog film cameras haven't lost their charm yet, but digital has become a different beast. Manufacturers such as Nikon, Sony, Canon, Fuji, etc are rolling out new digital cameras with exciting features in every single quarter. In this post, we will focus on a bit of background about digital camera sensors and then dive deep into cropped sensor cameras. This would involve a comparison between Nikon APS-C vs Canon APS-C cameras. 
What is an APS-C sensor format? Ever bought a camera or lens online? There is always this term called "APS-C" mentioned in the camera catalog description or specification section. It can also be found easily in camera manuals. What is APS-C and what does it mean for a sensor? Both APS-C and APS-H are basically digital camera sensor formats evolved from APS(Advanced Photo System)…

ON1 Photo RAW vs Adobe Lightroom Classic CC

With so many digital asset management and post-processing software in the market, it can be tough to decide which one is best and which one is not. The licensing changes introduced by Adobe in 2018 has caused so many photographers and photography enthusiasts to shy away from Adobe. On top of this, some of the competitors are offering really cool features trying to capture the whole digital post-processing market. In this post, we will talk about another Adobe Lightroom Classic CC competitor, called ON1 Photo Raw. It can serve as both photo editor and photo organizer just like Lightroom Classic CC. Let's see where it stands as compared to Adobe Lightroom Classic CC.

About ON1 Photo RAW
ON1 is a US-based company and recently released Photo RAW 2020 in October 2019. For the below comparisons, I installed both Lightroom Classic CC and ON1 Photo RAW 2019.2 on the same machine. To avoid inconsistency issues, the exact same raw photo was used for editing and manipulation purposed. The wh…

Canon CR3 raw format guide

A raw image file is like a digital negative without any lossy compression and minimal processing applied to it. A digital camera shooting images in raw format provides output in the best possible quality, which means files are larger in size and take more space. The benefits offered by shooting raw format overpowers the slight storage hassle though. Few of the well known raw formats include CR2, NEF, RW2, RAF, PEF, ARW, etc.  In this post, we will talk about the new compressed raw format introduced by Canon starting with its mirrorless series of cameras.

History of Canon raw formats
Back in the early 2000s, Canon cameras produced raw photos in CRW format. Cameras shooting in CRW include Canon D60, Canon D30, Canon 10D, and Canon EOS 300D. Most of the cameras released after the year 2004 shoot raw photos in CR2 format. Examples of CR2 format Canon cameras include 350D, 6D, 7D, 5D, 5D Mark II and many more.
In 2018, Canon introduced its new mirrorless camera known as the EOS M50.  This …

Circular ND filters vs square ND filters

Good quality digital photography accessories can easily make a photograph look different. After tripods and flash units, one common accessory that can completely change the look of a DSLR photo is filters. Filters can be considered as a fairly good option if you are looking to improve your photography skills. Various types of photography filters include polarizers, infrared, neutral density and UV filters. To maintain the simplicity of this post, we will focus on neutral density filters only.

A neutral density filter is nothing but a piece of dark glass. The purpose of a neutral density filter is to reduce the amount of light entering the camera lens and thus hitting the sensor. ND filters with a constant density of darkness throughout are known as constant ND filters whereas ND filters with variable density of darkness are known as variable density ND filters. The density of darkness offered by a variable ND filter can either be smooth or hard. 

Let's focus on the shapes of ND f…

Aperture priority vs shutter priority vs manual mode

Coming out of auto mode shooting is the first step of success for a beginner when it comes to digital photography. Auto mode takes fine photos in normal lighting conditions but creates a big limitation on being creative, as the camera is making choices on behalf of the user. Telling a digital camera what to do is the best way to evolve and grow your skills as a hobbyist or professional photographer. But with so many shooting modes offered by current DSLR and mirror less cameras, it can be confusing to choose one shooting mode over the other. Frankly, all the major photo-taking modes on a digital camera have their own place depending on what you want to photograph.  The three main shooting modes on a digital camera include aperture priority, shutter priority, and manual. There are various other creative modes as well, but those don't do much justice to someone who is looking to learn and improve their photography skills. In this post, I won't go into in-depth detail about how …

What is Auto-ISO and how to use it?

Shutter speed, aperture and ISO are the three main variables for getting a properly exposed photograph. Digital camera manufacturers provide the freedom to adjust the value of ISO, shutter speed and aperture easily on the fly. In situations where aperture and shutter speed aren't enough to give a good exposure photograph, ISO helps a lot. Though with tremendous advancements in digital sensor technology and noise reduction algorithms, shutter speed and aperture have become more crucial factors than the value of ISO in digital photography. If you are a total beginner and want to learn the basics about ISO first, here is my post about how ISO works

What is Auto-ISO?
Both aperture and shutter speed can affect a digital photograph in a way that it can be impossible to salvage a photograph. Example: Depth of field cannot be fixed later, neither motion blur. Keeping these two problems in mind for a fast-paced environment, it is preferable to fiddle around with ISO. Extending the ISO co…

DSLR camera working principle explained

Getting better at photography involves knowing your camera gear in and out. Ever wondered what happens inside your DSLR camera as soon as the shutter button is pressed? What all steps are involved and how the final image is captured?  As a photography beginner,  it is completely normal to feel curious about what's inside your digital camera. Even as a professional, it is always great to see all the fascinating stuff that happens inside a digital camera. A few very similar questions related to the working of a DSLR camera include:  How does a DSLR camera work? DSLR camera working principle. DSLR camera working procedure. How does DSLR shutter work?
In this post, I will talk about various architectural parts of a DSLR camera and how they work together in sync with each other to produce beautiful photos. Without much delay, let's focus on the path travelled by the light inside a digital camera in default non-operational state. At the very first step, it passes through the lens o…

Pentaprism vs Pentamirror optical viewfinder

A digital single lens reflex camera consists of many mechanical and electronic parts working in parallel to produce a digital photograph. One such part is the viewfinder, which allows the human eye to view the scene and decide on composition and focusing. Taking into account the latest development in electronics, the viewfinder can be either electronic or optical. An optical viewfinder (also called as OVF), as the name suggests, shows an optical representation of what the scene looks like. The view offered by an optical viewfinder does not change when shutter speed, aperture or ISO is changed. If it is a dark environment (night photography), it will show darkness.  Let's talk a little bit about how light travels inside a digital camera.

To explain the path traveled by light rays inside a camera, I made a simple diagram to make it easy to understand. Skipping over other parts, let's look closer to what's happening just before the viewfinder. The light rays have to pass thr…

Depth of field photography guide for beginners

Depth of field in photography is essentially what's in focus. It could be +/- "y" feet from point of focus. There are a lot of discussions on the internet about bokeh vs background blur which makes depth of field a confusing topic for beginners. Terminologies such as bokeh, background blur, shallow depth of field and deep depth of field are all interlinked with the concept of depth of field. Commonly abbreviated as DOF, depth of field forms a very important part of modern-day digital photography. It can tremendously help to achieve creative shots in literally any field of photography. In the next section, I will describe the above terms in simple words skipping any involvement of physics.
Shallow depth of field means everything except the focused subject is blurred out. This can include an object either from foreground or background. A deeper depth of field means everything is sharp and in focus. A good example of deep depth of field photographs would be landscape photo…

Is lower ISO always better?

Confusion about the impact of ISO on an image is a very common question that comes into every photographer's mind when learning photography. ISO is often referred to as the bad guy of photography, introducing noise and grain in digital images. In contrast to this, ISO also comes to rescue when shutter speed and aperture reaches limitations to achieve a shot. I have been to that scary place of "Do not increase ISO, it causes noise" as a beginner, never went above 200 ISO for the first 3-4 months of manual mode shooting. The struggle to take handheld landscape shots at 1/10 second because ISO should stay at 100. Outcome? Blurred shots due to handshake.

What does ISO do?
Yes, it makes the image appear brighter and helps to achieve proper exposure by increasing the sensitivity of the sensor towards light. What happens in the background? By increasing ISO value inside the camera, the gain could happen in any of the three ways:  -> In the sensor, by increasing voltage. ->…